MAHDI, JESUS and MOSHAIKH
Narrated by the late Grand Muhaddith of Morocco,
Shaykh Abdullah ben Sadek, Ph.D. (1914 - 1993) may Allah be pleased
by Shaykh Ahmad Darwish
This book is divided
into four parts. The first part is the translation of the work of
the late Grand Muhaddith of Morocco, Shaykh Abdullah ben Sadek,
may Allah have mercy upon him, and consists of hadith pertaining
to coming of Al Madhi and his circumstances. It also mentions a
few hadiths concerning the false Messiah, and Prophet Jesus.
The second part contains
hadiths extracted from "The Gardens of Righteousness" by Imam Nawawi
in which there are more authentic hadiths pertaining to the arrival
of the false Messiah and the second coming of Prophet Jesus, peace
be upon him.
The third part is
a summary written in layman's terms of the preceding hadith however,
they should not be used as a substitute for the study of the hadith
that are the actual sayings of Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace
be upon him, that have been verified and transmitted verbatim from
one generation to the next since his time.
The fourth part consists
of questions and answers replied to by Shaykh Abdullah.
ben Sadek, a direct descendant of Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace
be upon him, was not only the foremost Muhaddith of Africa but one
of the top seven scholars in the world on the Science of Hadith,
which is the science of the transmission of the sayings and practices
of Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him.
At an early age the
Muhaddith became a Professor of Hadith at Al Azhar University, Cairo,
Egypt, and to his credit several of his former students include
Grand Muhaddiths and Islamic officials in many parts of the Islamic
world. During his lifetime he wrote over one hundred books on Islam,
including an encyclopedia of hadith falsely attributed to Prophet
Muhammad. His also originated the Science of the Innovations of
the Explanation of the Holy Koran.
was born in Tangier, Morocco in 1914 (A.H. 1328). As a child he
learned the Holy Koran by heart and studied the Koranic science
of calligraphy. Later, he studied the complete sciences of Malik
Jurisprudence and the Explanation of the Holy Koran at Kairouan
Mosque in Fez, Morocco. In December, 1931, he began his studies
at Al Azhar Mosque where he took and passed its final examination
within the short period of one year after which he was offered a
teaching position in the prestigious university of Al Azhar. In
1942 he received his Ph.D. then returned to Tangier where he continued
to teach in the Mosque and Center founded by his father up until
the time of his death, may Allah be pleased with them.
Abdullah was a Sunni scholar he was extremely well versed with the
Shi'ite doctrine and nominated by the late Imam Yahya of Yemen to
revise the Zaydia Encyclopedia of Shi'ite.
The first part of
this book was first printed at the beginning of the Iranian Islamic
Revolution and was so well received that it was completely sold
out in the first week of its publication, in Cairo, Egypt.
Until now there has
never been such a well documented book in English on the subject
of Al Mahdi from the Sunni point of view, which incidentally, with
the exception of a few minor issues, is very close to that of the
Shi'ite. It was decided to make an abridged translation of this
book in the English language for the enlightenment of all English
speaking Muslims, and those interested in the return of Jesus, as
well as the anti-Christ and the lands of the prophets.
When we refer to the
book as having been abridged, we refer to the omission of the chains
of narrators with the exception of the Prophet's companions, because
this matter is only of real interest to the scholars of the Science
of Hadith Terminology to which the average western reader is unfamiliar.
However, these omissions do not detract from the information contained
within this book, rather, it simplifies it's reading.
Also omitted in this
translation are the false statements which unscrupulous liars tried
to attribute to the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.
This has been undertaken so that the reader does not confuse the
false with the truth. However, for those who wish to study these
false statements we refer them to the original Arabic version of
In the original Arabic
version, Muhaddith Abdullah draws the attention of the reader to
the falsely attributed statements by using the expression "very
weak". In Hadith terminology we are forbidden to use such statements
as an argument, or that it has been reported as being an 'hadith'
of the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.
In the section "The
Prophetic Sayings transmitted by Thirty-Three Companions" , the
reader will observe that more than thirty-three hadith are mentioned.
This is because some of the companions transmitted more than one
hadith relating to Al Mahdi, or, that the hadiths have been combined.
by Muhaddith Abdullah ben Sadek
Praise be to Allah,
Lord of the worlds. Veneration and peace be upon our master Muhammad,
the honest Prophet. Surely, Allah is pleased with his purified family
and his righteous companions - the supporter and migrator.
I have written two
other books, the first is called: "Establishing the Proof of the
Descent of Jesus from Heaven at the End of Time", and the second:
"The Islamic Belief in the Descent of Jesus." Both books have
been translated into Urdu but are no longer in print.
The aim of this book
is to destroy the false statements made concerning the rejection
or denial of the Prophetic statements relating to Al Mahdi, Al Muntazar,
the Expected, Guided Leader, by proving these statements to be 'mutawatira1
Whosoever denies these statements is considered to have fallen
into the error of innovation and is thereby classified.
I call this book "Al
Mahdi Al Muntazar", and Allah is the One who should be asked to
benefit the reader through its reading in the way in which He benefited
the readers of it's two brother books. Surely, He is near us, and
THE VERACITY OF
PROPHET MUHAMMAD'S SAYINGS
Unfortunately, there are many people, including some who are knowledgeable,
who believe there will be no Mahdi. This is because they are ignorant
of the Prophetic sayings prophesying his appearance towards the
end of time.
I was told by someone,
during the course of a meeting in which Al Mahdi was mentioned,
that a knowledgeable teacher stated that the Hadiths bearing the
news of Al Mahdi were false. I asked that person why he had not
questioned their falsehood by asking which authoritative source
from the Science of Hadith had judged them false. By Allah, if he
had asked these questions the teacher would not have been able to
reply. It is impossible that the Hadiths which have been proved
to be 'mutawatira', by Al Hufaz (the highest authorities in Hadith
terminology) to be false.
Abu Hussain Al Abiri said in his book: "The Merits of Imam Al Shaf'i",
may Allah be pleased with him: "The news reported via the Prophet,
praise and peace be upon him, of Al Mahdi was spread far and wide
and has been verified as 'mutawatira'. He is from the family of
the Holy Prophet, and when he comes the earth will be filled with
justice, and Jesus, upon whom be veneration and peace, will follow
him and assist him in the slaying of al masiikh often referred to
as ad-dajal - the lying, false messiah, the anti-Christ."3
Al Muhaddith, Idris
Al Iraqi Al Hussaini wrote: "The Prophetic sayings concerning Al
Mahdi are 'mutawatira' or extremely close, however, the first opinion
has been certified by many Al Hufaz4.
in his book: The Authentic Proof Concerning Transmissions about
the Expected Imam, the false Messiah and the Messiah, " ... there
are fifty transmitted prophetic sayings concerning Al Mahdi. Amongst
them are those classified as authentic, good and also the amended.
There is no doubt that they are all mutawatira." The expression
'mutawatira' can also be applied to Hadiths of a lessor degree according
to all the expressions listed in the principle of this science.
On account of so many of the companions reporting the same narration
it is impossible to say that these statements were generated from
themselves and are not from the Holy Prophet because the information
contained therein is above their capability.
The King of Bohpal
in India, Al Muhaddith Al Kinnawji said in his book: "The Broadcasting
of what Happened and what is Going to Happen before the Hour of
Judgement, " '... the Prophetic sayings concerning Al Mahdi
together with their various narrations are numerous and are classified
as being 'mutawatira'. This fact has also been recorded in other
references of Hadith and Islamic records such as dictionaries together
with their chains of narrations of each transmitter ...' Then he
added: 'Some of the Prophetic sayings concerning Al Mahdi are extremely
high in their soundness, some sound, whilst others are lessor in
soundness. One must also take into account that throughout each
generation his circumstances have always been very well known."
The scholar, Abu Abdullah
Jasus said: "The news concerning Al Mahdi has been reported in many
hadiths and Al Hafiz As-Sakhawy judged that they had reached the
level of 'mutawatira.'"
Ash-Shaykh Al Arabi
of Fez said: "Every science has been delivered through the authentic
news via the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. That which has
been prophesied is a truth to be expected and will, indeed, occur
... and the news of Al Mahdi is transmitted in numerous narrations
so therefore it is powerful."
The scholar Abu Zayd
Abdur-Rahman of Fez commented: "There is an abundance of news about
Al Mahdi and he will be sent at the end of Time ..."
in his poem describing the articles of belief: "Everything came
in the Prophetic text from the true science. There is no deviation
amongst them concerning the eloquent seal - Imam Muhammad Al Mahdi
Explaining his poems,
As-Safarini said: "There are many opinions concerning Al Mahdi --
even the false -- and it has been said that there is no Mahdi except
Jesus. The authentic reports followed by truthful people is that
Al Mahdi is other than Jesus and that he will come before Jesus
descends from the heavens. There are many narrations reaching the
degree of 'tawatur' and because of this it became very well known
among the scholars of the Sunnah5, so that is was included
as being an article of belief." After this As-Safarini mentioned
some of the Hadiths reported by a group of the Prophet's companions
and commented: "These have been reported via the companions together
with others who are also mentioned in numerous chains of narrations.
It has also been mentioned via the second generation of Muslims
from which we glean great benefit with the absolute knowledge of
him. Therefore, belief in the coming of Al Mahdi is obligatory because
it has been confirmed by knowledgeable scholars and listed in the
Articles of Faith of the people of the Sunnah."
Amongst those who
describe the Prophet's sayings relating to Al Mahdi as 'mutawatira'
is the shaykh of some of our shaykhs, the Imam, the Seal of the
Scholars of Hadith in Fez, As- Sayyid Muhammad, son of Jafar Al
Kittani. In his book: "Organizing the Scattered Mutawatira Prophetic
Sayings" via twenty companions, he reported statements similar to
those already stated by the previously mentioned scholars.
He also said: "In
his introduction, ibn Khaldun traced the chains of the Prophetic
sayings concerning the coming of Al Mahdi according to his knowledge,
however, he approached them incorrectly." Accordingly, the scholars
criticized him saying that the Prophetic sayings reported about
Al Mahdi are numerous and reach the height of being 'mutawatira.'
It is reported in the references of Ahmad, At-Tirmizi, Abu Dawood,
ibn Majah, Al Hakim, At-Tabarani, Abi Yal'ly, Al Bazaar and others
that they were able to trace them directly to a group of the Prophet's
companions." Consequently, the denial of this together with all
the above are illegal because the Prophetic sayings support each
other and become powerful with witnesses and arguments. The Prophetic
sayings pertaining to Al Mahdi either reach the highest degree of
soundness, or are determined to be sound, or some are classified
as being lessor.
to these statements are numerous, however, it is not our aim to
gather them all, neither is it to defeat the opinion of ibn Khaldun,
because this has already been dealt with in "The Appearance of the
Hidden Delusions from the Sayings of ibn Khaldun" by my brother
As-Sayyid Ahmad. This book defeats all ibn Khaldun's criticisms
word-by-word, in a way that leaves no room for anyone else to add
Our aim is that we
mention the Prophetic sayings relating to Al Mahdi with their references
as reported by the scholars of this Science of Hadith, together
with their chains of narrations with an examination of these chains
that sustain the proof of their degree of soundness according to
the indisputable regulations of the Science of Hadith with its high
principles thus making it 'tawatur' clear to everyone.
Al Mahdi is mentioned
in the Prophetic Sayings reported by thirty-three of the companions
- they are:
- Imam Ali ibn Abi
- Imam Hussain ibn
- Al Abbas ibn Al
- Ibn Abbas
- Ammar ibn Yasir
- Abi Sa'id Al Khudri
- Abdullah ibn Masood
- Lady Ummu Salamah,
Mother of the Believers, may Allah be pleased with her
- Abdullah ibn Al
- Anas ibn Malik
- Uthman ibn Affan
- Hudhayfah ibn Al
- Jabir ibn Majid
- Abu Ayyub Al Ansari
- Kyrrah Al Muzani
- Lady Ummu Habibah,
Mother of the Believers, may Allah be pleased with her
- Abi Umamah Al Bahily
- Abdullah ibn Amru
ibn Al As
- Tamim Ad-Dari
- Lady Ayesha, Mother
of the Believers, may Allah be pleased with her
- Abdu Rahman ibn
- Abdullah ibn Omar
ibn Al Khattab
- Talha ibn Ubaydillah
- Ali Al Hilali
- Imran ibn Hasan
- Amru ibn Murrah
- Awf ibn Malik
- Abi A Tafil
- A man from the
- Kays ibn Jabir
via his father, via his grandfather.
Al Mahdi has also
been mentioned in the Prophetic sayings reported by five of the
friends of the companions:
- Sa'id ibn Al Musayyab
- Al Hasan Al Basri
- student of Imam Ali
- Shahr ibn Hawshab
vs Jew's Moshiakh
It is imporant for
the reader to know that many Arabic and Hebrew words are very close
in pronunciation. At this point we would like to draw the attention
of the reader to an important issue:
The Arabic word "Masiih" = the Messiah.
The Arabic word "Masiikh" = the false messiah, which is equivalent
in pronunciation to the Hebrew word "Moshiakh" = the
However, when the Arabic language is compared to the Hebrew, it
is found that the Arabic letter 's' is equal to that of the Hebrew
'sh', as in the Arabic word 'Salaam' and the Hebrew word 'Shalom'.
The Jews await the coming of the 'Moshiakh' to lead them, therefore
one understands the Jews will follow the false messiah, and once
again reject Jesus who is the true Messiah.
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