MAHDI, JESUS and MOSHAIKH [the ANTI-CHRIST]
Narrated by the late Grand Muhaddith of Morocco,
Shaykh Abdullah ben Sadek, Ph.D. (1914 - 1993) may Allah be pleased
Translated by Shaykh
PART 1 -
Sayings of Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, concerning
Al Mahdi narrated by thirty-three of his Companions and five of
Mahdi's Lineage, Physical Appearance and Characteristics:
Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, said :
"Al Mahdi is (descended)
His forehead will be radiant,
and his nose prominent.
He will fill the earth with both fairness and justice
just as it will have been filled by oppression and injustice,
and he will govern for seven years."
"... so a man will
come to him saying: 'O Mahdi, give me, give me!" So he will fill
his clothes with as much as he can carry."
State of the World before his Advent:
The Hour will not occur until the ground has been filled with injustice
and transgressions. Then, a man from the Family of my House will
come and fill it with fairness and justice just as it was filled
by harm and oppression."
"At the end of my
nation Al Mahdi will come for whom Allah will send rain so that
the earth produces its plants. He will give wealth equally; cattle
will increase and the nation will be great. He will live for seven
" ... so a man from
my pure musked children will govern for seven or nine ... "
"At the end of Time a stern trial from their governor will come
upon my nation - never before will they have heard of a trial such
as it. The wide earth will shrink before them and the earth will
become full of oppression and injustice so that believers find no
refuge from harm. So, Allah, the Mighty, the Purified will send
a man from my pure musked descendants who will fill the earth with
fairness and justice, just as it was filled by oppression and injustice.
The inhabitants of Heaven and Earth will be pleased with him. The
earth will not withhold any of its seed all will be produced. Nor
will the Heaven withhold any of its showers except that Allah pours
it upon them in abundance. And he will live among them seven, eight
or nine years; the dead will wish for life because of that! Allah,
the Mighty, the Glorified will give the inhabitants of the earth
from His Goodness."
"At the end of Time,
a Caliph will come who distributes wealth without count."
MAHDI AND JERUSALEM
"A man from my nation will come who speaks with my Sunnah7 and Allah,
the Mighty, the Glorified will send showers of rain from the heavens
so that the earth will produce its blessing. Through him the earth
will be filled with fairness and justice just as it had been filled
by oppression and injustice. He will govern this nation for seven
years, and go to Jerusalem."
"I bear good tidings
for you concerning Al Mahdi. He will be sent when people differ
and the earth quakes!"
"He will fill the earth with fairness and justice just as it had
been filled by oppression and injustice. The inhabitants of the
heavens and earth will be pleased with him. He will distribute wealth
equally." At this point a companion asked what 'equally' meant so
the Prophet replied: "Equally, between the people, and Allah will
fill the hearts of the nation of Muhammad with richness and his
justice will satisfy them until he sends a messenger saying: 'Who
is in need of wealth?' None except one man will stand and say, 'Me'.
So he will say: 'Go to the treasurer and tell him that Al Mahdi
orders you to give me wealth.' So the treasurer will say to him:
'Fill with your hands!' And he will put it in his clothing then
tie it. Then he will become contrite and say: 'I was the most greedy
among the nation of Muhammad, and he will attempt to return it but
it will not be accepted, and it will be said to him: 'We do not
accept what we have given.' And so he (Al Mahdi) will remain seven,
eight or nine years then, there is no goodness left in life nor
yet in living after him.
The preceding narrations
were reported by Abi Said Al Khudri in the reference of Abi Dawood,
Al Hakim, At-Tirmizi, Ahmad, ibn Hibban, Muslim, Al Tabarani (in
his middle dictionary), Al Barudi and Abu Nuaym in his forty Hadith
concerning Al Mahdi.
Certainty of his Appearance:
"Even if there remained only one day left to be lived Allah will
prolong that day until He sends a man from me8 His name is like
my name, and his father's name is like my father's name. He will
fill the earth with fairness and justice just as it was filled by
oppression and injustice."
"The days will not
end and life will not vanish until the Arabs are governed by a man
from the Family of my House -- his name is the same as mine."
Importance of Following Al Mahdi
Ibn Masood reported:
"We went to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him,
and he came out with good news and happiness was easily recognizable
upon his face. When we asked him about a matter he would tell us
about it, and we were never silent about anything until he spoke
of it, until a party from the Bani Hashim passed by amongst whom
were Al Hasan and Al Hussain, peace be upon them. When he saw them
he hugged them with tears in his eyes, so we asked: 'O Messenger
of Allah' we see something has changed your face which distresses
us.' Thereupon he replied: 'We are a Family of a House for whom
Allah has chosen the Hereafter rather than the present. After me
my family will be refugees, driven out of countries until the Black
Banners are raised in the east. They will ask for the truth but
they will not be given it, so they will ask again for it, and they
will not be given it , so they will fight and be given victory.
Those of you or your descendants who live during that time go to
the Imam of the Family of my house even if you have to crawl over
ice to him. Indeed, they are banners of guidance. They will deliver
it to a man from the Family of my House his name is the same as
my name, and the name of his father is the same as my father, and
he will fill the ground with fairness and justice."
This hadith is in
found in the references of Abu Dawood, Al Hakim, At-Tirmizi, Ibn
Hibban, Ibn Majhah, Au Ash-Shaykh, Ibn Adiy, Abu Dhabi, Ibn Asakir
and Abu Nuaym.
Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, said:
"If only one day in life remains, Allah will send a man from the
Family of my House. He will fill the earth with justice just as
it has been filled by injustice."
"Al Mahdi is from
the family of the House. Allah will 'yuslihu'9 him in a night."
"He is from us - as Allah opened with us, so He will close,
and with us they will be saved from polytheism. And with us Allah
arbitrates between the hearts after open hostility as He arbitrates
between their hearts after the hostility of polytheism." Ali asked:
'Are they believers or unbelievers?' He answered: "Some are on trial
and others are unbelievers."
"At the end of Time there will be a trial in which people will be
sorted in a way similar to that in which gold is sorted from metal."
"So do not rebuke
the people of Syria but rebuke the evil people among them because
amongst them is Al Abdal. A flood is about to be sent down upon
the people of Syria which will disperse their groups in such a way
that if foxes attacked they would be beaten. At that time a man
from the Family of my House will come under three banners; between
twelve and fifteen thousand and their password is - 'Die, die.'
Then, there will come seven banners and under each will be one man
seeking the kingdom. Allah will kill all of them and restore unity
and favors upon the hearts of Muslims, and those who were far come
The preceding hadith
was reported by Imam Ali in the references of Ahmad, Abu Dawood,
Ibn Majah and At-Tabarani.
of Lady Fatima, may Allah be pleased with her and them
"Al Mahdi is from my pure musked descendants from the children of
"Yes, he is the truth,
and he is from the children of Fatima."
and Where Al Mahdi is given Allegiance
"Differences will occur after the death of a caliph and a man from
the people of Medina will escape to Mecca. Then, some of the people
of Mecca will come to him and drag him out against his desire11
and give him their allegiance between Ar-Rukn and Al Makam.12 An
army will be sent against him from Syria that will be swallowed
up in Al Bayda - desert between Mecca and Medina. When people see
this the Abdal of Syria will come to him as well as a group of people
from Iraq and pledge their allegiance between Ar-Rukn and Al Makam.
Then a man from the Koraysh will come whose cousins are from Kalb13,
and he will send an army to them that will overcome them and this
will become known as the Battle of Kalb. Whosoever does not witness
the spoils of war from Kalb is lost! And he (Al Mahdi) will distribute
wealth and practice the Sunnah of their Prophet, praise and peace
be upon him, with the people. And Islam will spread throughout the
earth. He will remain seven years then die, and the believers will
pray14 for him."
This hadith was reported
by Lady Ummu Salamah, wife of the Prophet, Mother of the Believers,
may Allah be pleased with her, and is found in the references of
Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, Al Hakim, Ibn Hibban and At-Tabarani.
"Before your treasure, three will kill each other -- all of them
are sons of a different caliph but none will be the recipient. Then
the Black Banners will appear from the East and they will kill you
in a way that has never before been done by a nation."
Thawban, a companion
'Then he said something that I do not remember by heart' then continued
to say that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: "If
you see him give him your allegiance, even if you have to crawl
over ice, because surely he is the Caliph of Allah, Al Mahdi. If
you see the Black Banners coming from Khurasan go to them immediately,
even if you must crawl over ice, because indeed amongst them is
the Caliph, Al Mahdi."
"The Black Banners15
will come to you from the East, their hearts are like iron. Whosoever
hears about them let them go crawling -- even over ice!"
The preceding Hadith
was reported by Thawban and is found in the references of Ibn Majah,
Al Busiri, Al Hakim, Ahmad, Nuaym, Ad-Daylami, Al Hasan, son of
Sufyan, and Abu Nuaym.
Government of Al Mahdi:
"People will come from the east and will establish the government
for Al Mahdi."
Reported by Abdullah
son of Al Harth and is found in the references of Ibn Majah and
At-Tabarani in his middle dictionary.
"If only one night
remains in the world, a man will come from the House of the Prophet,
praise and peace be upon him, who will govern it."
"Al Mahdi will be
in my nation for at least seven (years) or eight or ten, and my
nation will enjoy favors which it has never enjoyed before. The
heavens will send an abundance of rain, the earth will not store
any seed, rather it will yield all its fruits. There will be a surplus
of wealth but a man will stand up and say: 'O give me,' so he will
be told 'Take.'"
"The Hour will not
occur until a man from the Family of my House comes. He will beat
them until they return to the truth."
It was asked: "How
long will he govern?' Whereupon he answered "Five plus two."
and the Mountain of Al-Daylam
"If there only remains but one day left in the world, Allah will
prolong it until a man from my house governs. He will open Constantinople
and the Mountain of Al-Daylam."
"A man named As-Sufyani
will come from the center of Damascus. The majority of his followers
will be from the tribe of Kalb. He will kill until he rips women
open and kills children. So the tribe of Kays will rise up in retaliation
and he will slaughter all of them! Then a man from the Family of
my House will come in Al Hirrah and the news will reach As-Sufyani.
Then he will send his army but it will suffer defeat. As-Sufyani
will march with his followers to him until they reach a desert and
the ground will swallow them up. None will be saved except the one
bearing the news."
Emergence of the False Messiah
"The Romans16 will surround a leader from my pure musked children.
His name will be the same as mine. They will fight each other at
a place called Al Imak and one third, or thereabouts, of the Muslims
will be killed. They will fight again on another day and again one
third or thereabouts of the Muslims will be killed. On the third
day they will fight again and the Romans will be defeated. And they
will remain there until they open Constantinople. It is whilst they
are distributing the spoils of war that a messenger will come informing
them that the false messiah is in their home town with their children."
Reported by Abu Hurayrah
in the reference of Ibn Hibban, At-Tirmizi, Abuya'li, At-Tabarani,
Al Bazaar, Abu Nuaym and Al Hakim.
"We are the children of Abd Al Muttalib, the Masters of the Dwellers
of Paradise myself, Hamza, Ali, Jafar, Al Hasan, Al Hussain and
Army from the Direction of Iraq
When the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, slept in the
house of Lady Ummu Salamah he awoke saying: "There is no movement
or power except from Allah." "What makes you say that?" asked Lady
Umm Salamah. He replied: "Because an army will come from the direction
of Iraq to seize a man from Al Medina whom Allah protects. When
they reach the desert in the direction of Dhi Hulayfah the ground
will swallow them up. Those that are on top cannot reach those beneath,
and those beneath cannot reach those on top up until the Day of
Judgement. Their motivations are different." Lady Umm Salamah then
asked: "O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, how
is it that they will be swallowed up although their motives are
different?" He replied: "Among them are those that have been coerced
This Hadith was reported
by Anas and is found in the references of Ibn Majah, Al Busiri and
"At the end of my
nation a Caliph will scatter wealth without count." When
the second narrator, Abi Nadrah, was asked if this referred to Caliph
Omar Abdul Aziz, he replied: "No".
Coming of Prophet Jesus, peace be upon him
"Jesus, the son of Mary, peace be upon him, will descend when the
prince is Al Mahdi
and Al Mahdi will say to Jesus: 'Come, lead us in prayer.' But he
will decline saying: 'You are princes over each other which is the
Favor of Allah to this nation.'"
"A group from my nation
will keep fighting for the truth until Jesus, the son of Mary descends
at dawn in the Mosque of Jerusalem. He will approach Al Mahdi who
will say: 'O Prophet of Allah, come, lead us in prayer.' But he
will decline saying: 'This nation has princes over each other.'"
The two preceding
Hadiths were reported by Jabir, son of Abdullah, and are found in
the references of Muslim, Abu Nuaym, Abu Amru Ad-Dani and Al Bazaar
"If only one day remains
in the world, Allah will send a man with a name like mine. His manners
will be likened to my manners."
Tyranny of Kings
"Woe to this nation from the dictatorship of kings! Why do they
kill and make pious people fear except those who obey them, and
the pure believer soothes them with his tongue but resists them
with his heart? If Allah wishes to revive Islam in might He will
break the back of every stubborn tyrant -- He is Able to do anything
and can reform the nation after its corruption. O Hudhayfah, if
there remains but one day left in the world Allah will prolong that
day until a man from the Family of my House will govern and fierce
battles will be in his hands, and Islam will spread. Allah does
not change His Promise and He is quick to recompense."
of Al Mahdi
"Al Mahdi is a man from my children. His face is like a glittering
star, his skin is the color of an Arab, and his body is like that
of Israel. He will fill the earth with justice just as it will have
been filled by injustice, and the dwellers of Heaven and Earth will
be pleased with his Caliphate."
"Al Mahdi is a man
from my children his color is that of the Arab, and his body is
like that of Israel. On his right cheek there is a mole that glitters
like a star." Al Mahdi will glance to the side as Jesus, the son
of Mary descends with water dripping from his hair. So Al Mahdi
will say to him: 'Come forward and lead the people in prayer.' But
he will answer: 'The Call to Prayer has been made for you to lead.'
So he will pray behind a man from my children."
Worst Creation of Allah
"There will be a battle at Az Zawra which is a city in the east
among rivers. It is inhabited by the worst creations of Allah and
the tyrant of my nation. It will be subjected to four kinds of chastisement
-- the sword, swallowing-up, missiles, and transformation17."
"When the dark18 people come after the Arabs they will be
defeated and thrown into the lowest part of the earth19. While these
circumstances exist, As-Sufyani will come with three hundred and
sixty riders until he reaches Damascus. After a month, he will be
followed by thirty-thousand from Kalb, so he will send an army to
Iraq and kill a hundred thousand in Az-Zawra. Then they will go
to Kufa and pillage.
When this occurs a banner will come from the east led by a man from
Tamim called Shuayb, the son of Salih who will restore what is in
their hands from the captured people of Kufa and he will kill them20.
Then, another army from As-Sufyani will go to Al Medina and pillage
it for three days and thereafter proceed towards Mecca until they
find themselves in a desert. Then, Allah will send Gabriel and say
to him, 'Chastise them!' So he will beat them with his leg once
and Allah will cause them to be swallowed up. None will remain except
two men who will return to As-Sufyani to inform him of the swallowing-up
of his army, but this will not scare him.
Several men from the Koraysh will escape to Constantinople and As-Sufyani
will send to the leader of the Romans who will return them to him
and he will slit their throats together with their followers. At
that time a voice will come from Heaven saying: 'O people, surely
Allah prevents dictatorship, tyrants and their followers for you
and gives leadership to the best of the nation of Muhammad. So join
him in Mecca -- he is Al Mahdi!"
Then, Hudhayfah asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, how shall we know
him?' He replied: "He is a man from my children, he looks like the
men from the children of Israel, upon him are two white cloaks with
frayed edges. His face is like a colorful, glittering star, upon
his right cheek there is a black mole and he is forty years old.
Al Abdal and those looking like them will come to him from Syria.
An-Nujaba will come to him from the dwellers of Egypt and groups
of dwellers from the east, and those looking like them until they
all gather together in Mecca and so they will pledge their allegiance
to him between Al Rukn and Al Makam. Then he will direct himself
towards Syria with Gabriel at his front and Michael at his middle
and the dwellers of Heaven and Earth will be joyful because of him.
Water will be plentiful in his country and the river will be spread
and treasures found. When he reaches Syria he will slay As-Sufyani
under the tree, the branches of which grow in the direction of Lake
Tiberias21 and he will kill Kalb. So the loser of that Day of Kalb
is he who does not gain even a rein."
Hudhaybah asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon
him, how is it permitted to kill them when they believe in the Oneness?'
The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, replied: "O
Hudhayfah, they are at that time apostates, they claim that wine
is permitted and do not pray."
The preceding Hadiths
were narrated by Hudhayfah and are found in the references of Abu
Nuaym, At-Tabarani, and Abu Amru Ad Dani.
Princes, Kings and Tyrants
"After me there will be caliphs, and after the caliphs, princes
and after princes, kings, and after kings, tyrants. Then, a man
from the Family of my House will come and fill the earth with justice
just as it had been filled with transgression. Then, the Prince
after him is Al Kahtani and by He who sent me with the Truth he
is not lesser than him."
This hadith was reported
by Jabir, son of Majid As Sadafi in the references of At-Tabarani
(in his large dictionary), Ibn Mandah, Abu Nuaym and Ibn Asakir.
Hasan and Al Hussain
The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said to his
daughter, Lady Fatima, peace be upon her: "Our Prophet is the best
of the Prophets and he is your father. Our martyr is the best of
the martyrs and he is your father's uncle Hamza and amongst us is
he that has two wings with which he will fly in Paradise wherever
he wishes, and he is the son of your father's uncle Jafar and from
us are the two subt22 of this nation -- Al Hasan and Al Hussain,
and they are your children, and from us is Al Mahdi."
This Hadith was reported
by Abi Ayyub Al Ansari in the reference of At-Tabarani.
"A nation will not
be destroyed when I am at their beginning, and Jesus, the son of
Mary, is at its end and Al Mahdi is in the middle."
In an another narration:
"And Al Mahdi from my House at its middle."
Reported by Ibn Abbas
in the references of Abu Nuaym, Al Hakim and Ibn Asakir
the Desert Swallows the Army
"People will come from the east to seize a man by the House23. When
they are in the desert of the earth it will swallow them and when
those who were delayed reach it the same thing will happen to them."
Lady Ummu Habibah asked: "O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace
be upon him, what about those who were coerced into joining them?"
He replied: "What happened to the others will happen to them also,
then Allah will assemble each one according to his intention."
Reported by Lady Ummu
Habibah, peace be upon her, and found in the reference of At-Tabarini.
Medina Shakes Thrice
The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, spoke to us
mentioning the false messiah until he said: " ... Al Medina and
its people will shiver thrice, so that neither female or male hypocrite
remain (therein) and they will go to him (the false messiah). It
(Al Medina) will cast out its dirt as a fire casts rust from
iron and this day will be called 'The Day of Salvation.' Umm Sharik
inquired: "Where will the Arabs be on that day?" He replied: "There
will be a few on that day, most of them will be in the House of
Jerusalem and their leader, Al Mahdi, is a good24 man. When he steps
forward to lead them in the Dawn prayer, Jesus, the son of Mary
will descend during that time so the Imam will step backward in
order for Jesus to come forward but he will say to him: 'Go forward
and pray, because it has indeed been established for you.' So he
will lead them in prayer as an Imam.
Reported by Ibn Abi
Umamah Al Bahili and found in the references of At-Tabarani, Ibn
Khuzaymah, Abu Awanah, Al Hakim, Abu Nuaym, and Al Rawyani.
Pilgrims will be Robbed
"In the month of Dhil Kidah, the tribes will start to fight and
pilgrims will be robbed. There will be a fierce battle at Minan
until their companion escapes and he will be pledged allegiance
between Al Rukn and Al Makam whilst he dislikes25 it. The allegiance
will be pledged by the same number of fighters at Badr26 and the
inhabitants of the Heaven and Earth will be pleased with him."
Reported by Abdullah
son of Amru and found in the references of Al Hakim, Nuaym ibn Hammad's
book 'Al Fitan'.
The Messenger of Allah,
praise and peace be upon him, said to Lady Fatima, peace be upon
her, "Bear good tidings, Al Mahdi is from you."
Imam Al Hussain, son of Ali and Lady Fatima, peace be upon them
in Ibn Asakir's reference.
Hidden Treasures of Antioch
I said, "O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I have
never seen a Roman city like the city of Antioch27 and I have never
seen more rain than it has." Whereupon the Messenger of Allah, praise
and peace be upon him, said: "Yes, that is because the Torah, Staff
of Moses, Tablets, and the Table of Solomon, the son of David are
in its caves. There is not a single cloud that comes from any direction
to it that does not pour its blessing in that valley. And the days
and night will not pass until a man from my musked children live
in it. His name is like my name and his father's name is like my
father's name; his manners are like my manners. He will fill the
world with fairness and justice just as it had been filled by harm
Reported by Tamin
Ad-Dari, in the reference of Ibn Hibban Ad-Du'fa.
"Al Mahdi is a man from my pure, musked children. He will fight
with the guidance of my Sunnah as I fought with the guidance of
March Against Al Mahdi
"Wandering is for the people of my nation who aim to the House trying
to seize a man from the Koraysh that is supported by the House until
they reach a desert and are swallowed up." We asked: "O Messenger
of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, the road gathers different
people." Whereupon he replied: "Yes, among them are the weak sighted
walking, looking around them, and those that are forced as well
as those having no home. They will be destroyed in one way and assembled
in different places and Allah will resurrect them according to their
These two Hadiths
were reported by Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of the
Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, and found in the references
of Bukhari, Muslim and Nuaym ibn Hammad and Abu Ya'li.
Description of Al Mahdi
"Surely, Allah will send from my pure musked children a man with
evenly spaced teeth and a high forehead, and he will fill the earth
with justice and wealth with overflow."
Reported by Abd Ar
Rahman ibn Awf in the reference of Abu Nuaym
Youth from Tamimi
The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was among
a group of migrants and supporters. Ali, the son of Abi Talib was
on his left side and Abbas on his right side when Abbas and a man
from the supporters started to debate with one another. The supporter
spoke harshly to Abbas, then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon
him, took the hand of Abbas and the hand of Ali and said: "From
the loins of this (indicating to Abbas) will come a youth who will
fill the earth with transgression and injustice and from the loins
of this (indicating to Ali) a man who will fill the earth with fairness
and justice. If you see this pay attention to the Tamimi youth who
will come from the direction of the east -- he is the owner of the
Banner of Al Mahdi."
"Al Mahdi will come
upon his Banner and the herald will proclaim: 'This is Al Mahdi,
the Caliph of Allah so follow him!"
These two Hadiths
were reported by Abdullah, the son of Omar ibn Al Khattab and found
in the references of At-Tabarani, Abu Nuaym, Al Kidji and Al Khatib.
"It will be a trial when one side moves and the other does not,
and when that side moves the other does not until a herald will
cry from the Heaven 'Your Prince is so and so!" (referring to Al
Reported by Talha
ibn Ubayd and found in the reference of At-Tabarani.
of the Prophet's Last Words to Lady Fatima
I entered to (visit) the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be
upon him, during his last illness before he died and found Fatima,
peace be upon her, near his head crying. The Messenger of Allah,
praise and peace be upon him, raised his eyes to (look at) her and
asked: "O Fatima, what makes you cry?" She replied: "I fear the
loss after you." Whereupon he said: "Don't you know that Allah,
the Mighty, the Glorified looked to the earth once and chose your
father and sent him with His Message, then He looked once to the
earth and chose your husband and revealed to me that I should let
you marry him? O Fatima, we are the Dwellers of a House and Allah
has given us seven merits which He never gave to anyone else before
By He who sends me with the Truth, amongst both of them28
is Al Mahdi of this nation. When life is full of murder and strife,
and trials increase, and roads are blocked (by thieves), and people
start attacking one another, and when the elderly show no mercy
to the young, and the young show no mercy to the elderly, Allah,
the Mighty, the Glorified will send from them29 at the end of time
one who will open the fortress of error and open hearts that have
been sealed and repair the Religion as I established it in the beginning
of time. And he will fill the world with justice just as it will
have been filled by oppression."
Reported by Ali, son
of Ali Al Hillali and found in the reference of Abu Nuaym.
"How will you be O Awf when this nation is divided into seventy-three
sects. One sect will be in Paradise and the rest in Hell." I asked:
"When will this be O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon
him." He answered saying: "When the police increase and slave girls
take authority, and when the lambs (weak authorities) sit on the
pulpit, and when the Koran is used as flutes and mosques decorated
and the spoils of war manipulated, and the obligatory charity becomes
an excessive debt, and trust is taken like spoils of war, and religious
study is not for the Sake of Allah30 and when husbands obey their
wives, and disobeys his mother, and banishes his father, and the
last of this nation curses the beginning of it, and when the tribe
is mastered by a deviator, and the leader of the nation is the worst
of them and a man is treated generously to avoid his evil. Upon
that day it will happen and men will run to Syria to the City of
Damascus, which is one of the best cities in Syria that protects
them from their enemy ... "
I asked: "Will Syria be opened?" He answered: "Yes, soon then after
its opening the trials will start and a dark and dusty trial will
come. Trials will follow one another until a man from the Family
of my House called Al Mahdi comes. If you reach him, follow him
and be among those who are guided."
Reported by Awf ibn
Malik Al Ashja'l in the reference of At Tabarani
"Surely, Al Mahdi will not come until the purified soul has been
killed. When this occurs those in the Heaven and those on Earth
will be angry. So people will come in a procession to Al Mahdi;
like the procession of a bride to her husband on their wedding night,
and he will fill the earth with fairness and justice and the earth
will produce its plants and the heaven will pour its rain and my
nation will enjoy his government and favors never before enjoyed."
Reported by a companion
who informed Mujahid and found in the reference of Ibn Abi Shaybah
Narrations of five friends of the companions
"The Black Banners will come from the East for the children of Al
Abbas. Then there will remain whatsoever Allah wishes. Then, small
Black Banners will come to fight a man from the children of Abu
Sufyan from the East. They will give their allegiance to Al Mahdi."
was reported by Said ibn Al Musayyab in the reference of Nuaym ibn
"Allah will send a
Black Banner from the East, and Allah will give victory to whosoever
supports it. Whosoever does not support it, Allah will forsake them
until they come to a man whose name is like my name and give him
the power of their affairs, and so Allah will support him and give
was reported by Al Hasan Al Basri in the reference of Nuaym ibn
"Al Mahdi will leave
Mecca to go to Medina. The people will bring him out from their
midst and pledge allegiance to him between Al Ruhkn and Al Makam
while he dislikes it."
was reported by Katadah in the reference of Nuaym ibn Hammad.
of Al Mahdi's Appearance
"During Ramadan there will be a sound, in Shawwal there will be
a hum, in Dhi Kidah tribes will fight, in Dhi Hijjah pilgrims
will be robbed, and in Al Muharram a herald will call from Heaven.
'Attention! Surely, the choice from His creation is so and so (referring
to Al Mahdi) so hear him and obey!'"
" During Ramadan there
will be a sound in Shawwal there will be a hum, in Dhi Kidah tribes
will fight. In that year pilgrims will be robbed, and there will
be a fierce battle in Minan with myriad of murders, blood will flow
there until their blood flows over Al Jamrah and their companion
escapes and stands between Al Rukn and Al Makam where he is pledged
allegiance whilst he dislikes it. And it is said to him: 'If you
refuse we will slit your throat, and the inhabitants of Heaven and
Earth will be pleased with him."
was reported by Shahr ibn Hawshab in the reference of Nuaym
ibn Hammad and Abu Amru Ad-Dani.
"Al Kahtani is not
lesser than Al Mahdi."
was reported by Mamar in the reference of Nuaym ibn Hammad.
Narrations of Imam Ali and several Companions of the Holy Prophet
praise and peace be upon him concerning Al Mahdi
The following narrations
were reported via Imam Ali, may Allah honor his face.
One day as Imam Ali looked at his son, Al Hussain, (peace be upon
them) he said: "Surely, this my son is a Master as the Messenger
of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, has named him. From his
loins comes a man whose name is like the name of your Prophet. He
is similar to him in manner and will fill the earth with justice."
The Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: "A man called
Al Harth will come from beyond the river. At his front is a man
called Mansoor who will pave and establish the government for the
family of Muhammad just as the Koraysh established it for the Messenger
of Allah praise and peace be upon him. It is obligatory for all
believers to support him or he said obey him."
of Al Mahdi
Muhammad, the son of Al Hanafiyyah said: "We were with Ali, peace
be upon him, when a man asked him about Al Mahdi. Imam Ali, may
Allah honor his face said: 'But oh!' Then joined his hands and counted
seven fingers as he said: 'He comes at the end of Time when men
(hypocrites) say that Allah has been killed! Then Allah will gather
the scattered nation for him like the scattered clouds, and Allah
will arbitrate between their hearts so that they do not feel lonely,
nor will they be happy if someone joins them. Their number is like
that of the people of Badr. Neither those who are at the beginning
overtake them, nor those who are at the end reach them. And their
number is the same as Talmut's companions those who crossed the
river with him."
Imam Ali, peace be upon him, said: "The trials are four:
the trial of happiness, the trial of harm, the trial of gold, then,
a man will come from the pure musked children of the Prophet, praise
and peace be upon him, and Allah will repair their affairs upon
for Al Mahdi
Imam Ali, peace be upon him, said: "After a herald proclaims
from Heaven that the Truth is in the Family of Muhammad that is
the time in which Al Mahdi will appear upon the lips of people.
They will drink his love and their talk is only about him."
Gate of Istakhr
Imam Ali, peace be upon him, said: "The horses31 of As-Sufyani
will go to Kufa, and he will send his army against the dwellers
of Khurasan. (At that time) the people of Khurasan will demand Al
Mahdi. He that meets with Al Hashimi with the Black Banners at his
front is Shuayb, the son of Salih who will engage As-Sufyani at
the Gate of Istakhr -- between them there will be a tremendously
fierce battle and the Black Banners will win, but the horses of
As-Sufyani will escape. It is at that time that the people will
wish for Al Mahdi, because they need him."
Rufaka and Al Abdal
Imam Ali, may Allah honor his face, said: "When he from the Family
of Muhammad comes Allah will gather dwellers from the East and West
for him, just as autumn clouds gather. As for Ar-Rufaka, he will
come from the dwellers of Kufa and Al Abdal will come from the dwellers
"Surely, a man from my children will come near the Hour (at a time)
when the hearts of believers died just as their bodies died through
harm, hunger, murder, continuous trials, great battles, the death
of the Sunnah, the revival of innovations, abstention from honoring
good and forbidding the prohibited that pursued them. Then, through
Al Mahdi, Muhammad the son of Abdullah, Allah will revive the Sunnah
that died and he will please with his justice, and the hearts of
the believers will be blessed. Groups of Persian and Arab tribes
will unite because of him, and so he will remain for some years,
which are but a few, then die."
"Good for Al Talakan! Surely, for Allah in it are treasures, not
of gold or silver but men who know Allah through truthful knowledge
and they will support Al Mahdi at the end of Time."
Birth Place of Al Mahdi
"The birth-place of Al Mahdi will be in Medina. He is from the family
of the House of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and his
migration is to the House of Jerusalem. His beard is thick, his
eyes naturally mascaraed, his teeth are radiant and upon his face
is a mole and upon his shoulder is the Sign of the Prophet, praise
and peace be upon him. And he will come out under the Banner of
the Prophet made from a marked woolen black square that will not
have been unfolded since the Messenger, praise and peace be upon
him, and it will not be unfolded until Al Mahdi comes. Allah will
support him with three thousand angels who will beat the faces and
buttocks of those that oppose him. He will be sent between the age
of thirty and forty."
"When the Black Banners are aimed at As-Sufyani and the people of
Shuayb, the son of Salih, long for and search for Al Madhi he will
emerge from Mecca and with him will be the Banner of the Messenger,
praise and peace be upon him. He will pray two units of prayer after
the people have given up hope of his coming during the lengthy period
of their trials and when he finishes his prayer he will go to them
and say: 'O people, continuous trails came to the nation of Muhammad,
praise and peace be upon him, especially to the Family of his House
-- you have been conquered and wronged.'"
"Al Mahdi is a man
from us, from the children of Fatima, peace be upon her."
"At the end of Time there will be a trial in which people will be
sorted in a similar way to that in which gold is sorted from metal.
Therefore do not rebuke the people of Syria rather, rebuke the evil
people among them, because amongst them are Al Abdal. Allah will
send a flood from Heaven that will disperse their groups in a way
that if foxes were to attack them they would be victorious. Then
Allah will send a man from the perfumed musked children of the Messenger,
praise and peace be upon him, amongst approximately twelve and fifteen
thousand under three banners and their password is 'Die, die!' And
they will be fought by the people of seven banners under each is
a man seeking the kingdom. They will be killed, defeated, then Al
Hashimi will appear, so Allah will restore unity and favors to the
people and this will be the case until al-dajjal (the lying, false
Slaying of Muslims at Kufa
"As-Sufyani will overcome Syria, then between them there will be
a battle in Kurkisa until the birds of the air are filled and the
savage animals of the earth are filled from their perishing. Then,
an opening will occur at their rear, and a group will come from
them until they enter the land of Khurasan. The horses of As-Sufyani
will come demanding the people of Khurasan, and they will slay the
followers of the Family of Muhammad in Kufa, then the people of
Khurasan will come seeking Al Mahdi."
Sign of the Coming of Al Mahdi
Abdullah, son of Amru said: "When the army is swallowed up in the
desert, it is the sign of the coming of Al Mahdi"
Man from the children of Hasan
He also said: "A man from the children of Hasan will come from the
East, if he faces the mountains he will destroy them making a passage
on the Pilgrimage
"To the people on pilgrimage standing on Arafat without an imam,
a burning desire will come as they remain in Minan. The tribes will
revolt against each other and they will kill each other until their
blood flows on Al Aqabah. Then the best of them will go when the
alarm is raised and they will reach him when his face is touching
the stone of Al Ka'ba and it seems to me as if he is tearful, and
they will say to him: 'Come to us so that we can give you our allegiance!'
But he will reply: 'Woe to you, how many promises did you break
and how much blood did you shed!' So, he is given allegiance under
duress. Therefore, if you reach him, pledge your allegiance to him,
because, surely, he is Al Mahdi in the Earth and Al Mahdi in the
the son of Salih
Ammar, the son of Yasir, may Allah be pleased with both of them,
said: "The bearer of the Banner of Al Mahdi is Shuayb, the son of
He also said: "When As-Sufyani reaches Kufa and kills the supporters
of the family of Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, Al Mahdi
will come and the bearer of his Banner will be Shuayb, the son of
People from the House
Abdullah, the son of Abbas, may Allah be pleased with both of them,
said to Mujahid: "If I had not heard that you are like the people
of this House I would never tell you this." Whereupon Mujahid said:
"It is surely in secret, I will not mention it to someone you hate."
So ibn Abbas told him: "There are four people from the House, from
us is As-Saffah, and from us Al Mundhir, and from us Al Mansoor,
and from us is Al Mahdi." So Mujahid said: 'Clarify these four for
me." He answered: "As for As-Saffah,
perhaps he will kill his supporters and forgive his enemy. Al Mundhir
will give away plenty of wealth, he will be humble and keep but
a little of his rights. Al Mansoor, will be given victory over his
enemy and part of what was given to the Messenger of Allah, praise
and peace be upon him, and that is that his enemies were frightened
away from him the traveling distance of two months, whereas the
enemy of Al Mansoor will be frightened away from him the traveling
distance of one month. Al Mahdi will fill the earth with justice
just as it has been filled with transgression -- livestock and foxes
will live together peacefully. And the earth will bring forth that
which is hidden from its depths -- they look like cylinders of gold
Constantinople is Opened
As-Sudayy said when explaining the Word of Allah: 'For them in the
world is ignominy ...' "As for their ignominy in the world, it is
that when Al Mahdi comes and Constantinople is opened they will
be killed -- this is the ignominy. As for the great chastisement,
it is the chastisement of Gehenna (Hell) that is neither reduced
for its people nor will the vanish or die."
It was said to Hudhayfah:
"Al Mahdi has already come!" Whereupon he replied: "You will
be successful if he comes while the companions of Muhammad are among
you. Indeed, he will not come until there is no one absent that
is more beloved to people than he on account of the evil they face."
Jesus and Al Mahdi
Ibn Siriin said: "Al Mahdi is from this nation and he will lead
(in prayer) Jesus, the son of Mary - peace be upon both of them."
Eclipse of the Sun and the Moon in Ramadan
Muhammad, the son of Ali said: "For Al Mahdi there are two signs
that have never before existed since Allah created the Heaven and
Earth. The moon will eclipse on the first night of Ramadan, and
the sun will eclipse during its middle -- this has never occurred
since Allah created the Heavens and Earth."
Finding Al Mahdi
Ibn Masood said: "When commerce and roads are blocked and trials
increase, seven knowledgeable people will come from different directions
without previous appointment. Each will receive the allegiance of
over three hundred men until they meet in Mecca. The seven will
meet and asked one another; 'What brought you here?' They will reply:
'In Search of the man upon whose hand the trials will be calmed,
and for whom Constantinople will be opened. We know him by his name,
his father's name, his mother's name, and his army.' So the seven
will agree upon this and search for him then find him in Mecca.
So they will ask him: 'Are you so and so, son of so and so?' He
will reply: 'No, I am a man from the supporters.' And escape from
them, so they will describe him to people in their midst that are
both righteous and knowledgeable and it will be said to them: 'The
one whom you seek was in your company, and he will go to Al Medina.'
So they will search for him in Al Medina but at that time he will
be in Mecca. So they will search for him in Mecca and say to him:
'You are so and so, son of so and so, and your mother is so and
so, daughter of so and so, and in you are the signs of such and
such, and such and such. You escaped from us once so stretch out
your hands and we will pledge our allegiance to you.' So he will
say: 'I am not your companion.' Then he will escape from them so
they will search for him in Al Medina when he has returned to Mecca,
then they will find him in Mecca beside Al Rukn and say to him:
'Our sins will be upon you and our blood upon your neck if you do
not stretch out your hand so that we may pledge our allegiance!
The army of As-Sufyani is coming demanding us in which there is
a man from Jurm. So he will sit between Al Rukn and Al Makam and
stretch out his hand and allegiance will be pledged to him. So,
Allah will sow love of him in the chests of the people and he will
lead a nation that are lions during the day and worshippers at night."
Muhammad, son of Al Hanaffia, said: "The Black Banners will come
out for the children of Al Abbas. The other black banners will come
from Khurasan. Their turbans will be black and their clothes white.
At their front will be a man named Shuayb, the son of Salih, from
Tamim. They will defeat the companions of As-Sufyani until he comes
to the House of Jerusalem where he will establish his power for
Al Mahdi, and he will be supplied with three hundred (men) from
Syria after his arrival and the matter will be settled for Al Mahdi
in seventy-two months."
Black Banners in Kufa
Hammad, the son of Abi Jafar, said: "The Black Banners that come
from Khurasan will arrive in Kufa, so when Al Mahdi appears in Mecca
their allegiance will be sent to him."
Youth with a thin, yellowish beard
Ka'b, the son of Alkamah said: "In front of the Banner of Al Mahdi
will come a youth whose beard is yellowish and thin. If he fights
the mountains will destroy them until he reaches Alya'."
Battle in Medina
Abu Hurayrah said: "A battle in Medina will occur until the stones
of oil are flooded (with blood), and Al Hirrah will be so small
-- like a strike of a truncheon. Then people will go two miles outside
Medina and give their allegiance to Al Mahdi."
Muhammad, son of Al Haniffia said: "Al Mahdi, As-Sufyani and Kalb
will fight in the House of Jerusalem after the allegiance has been
given. As-Sufyani will be captured and slain at the gate of Ar Rahbah."
Children of Lady Fatima, peace be upon them
Kitadah said: "I asked Sa'id, son of Al Musayyab: Is Al Mahdi a
truth?" He replied: "Yes," I asked: "Who is he from?" He replied:
"From the children of Fatima, peace be upon her."
Al Walid, son of Muslim, said: "Al Mahdi will not come until As-Sufyani
Abdullah, the son of Shuraykh, said: "With Al Mahdi is the
marked Banner of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon
Personality of Al Mahdi
Tawus said: "The sign of Al Mahdi is that he will be strict with
his staff, generous with wealth and merciful to the servile."
Ibn Abbas said: "Al
Mahdi is from us, the people of the House, and he is a youth." So
it was said to him: "Your elderly people are not capable of aspiring
to this so now you wish for your youth." He answered: "Allah does
whatever He wants."
Humility of Al Mahdi
Az-Zuhriy said: "From the children of Fatima, Al Mahdi will be taken
out against his desire from Mecca and given allegiance."
Matar Al Warrak said: "Al Mahdi will not come until disbelief in
Allah will be expressed openly."
Rukn and Al Makam
Abu Hurayrah said: "Al Mahdi will be given allegiance between Al
Rukn and Al Makam."
after the trial
Katadah said: "Al Mahdi is the best of people. The people that give
their support and allegiance are the dwellers of Al Kufa, Yemen
and Al Abdal of Syria. At his front is Gabriel, at his middle is
Michael and he is loved throughout creation. With him Allah extinguishes
the blind trial and the land will feel secure, and a woman can travel
(for pilgrimage) amongst five ladies with no man among them, fearing
nothing except Allah, and the land will bring forth its produce,
and the Heaven will give its blessing."
Four Thousand Men of Shuayb, the son of Salih
Al Hasan Al Basri said: "A man of medium stature will come from
Ar-Ray (a far-eastern town). He will be dark and from the children
of Tamim -- a Wasaj, named Shuayb son of Salih with four thousand
men. Their clothes will be white and Banners black, and at his front
is Al Mahdi. He meets no one that he does not defeat and scatter."
When Omar, the son of Abdul Aziz was mentioned to Matar Al Warrak,
he said: "It has reached us that Al Mahdi will do something that
Omar, son of Abdul Aziz never did." So it was asked: "What is that?"
He replied: "A man will come to him asking and so he will tell him
to enter the treasure house and take. So he will enter then come
out but when he sees the people he will have regrets and return
saying: 'Take what you have given me.' But he will be declined with
the words: 'We give, but we do not take back.'"
Hakim, the son of
Sa'd said: "When Sulayman came and showed what he had I asked my
father, Abi Yahya: 'Is this Al Mahdi who is mentioned?' He replied:
Ibrahim, the son of
Maysarah said: "I asked Tawwus: Is Omar, son of Abdul Aziz is Al
Mahdi?" He replied: "He is guided, but he is not Al Mahdi and he
has not completed all the (aspects of) justice."
Abi Jafar, Muhammad,
the son of Ali, son of Al Hussain said: "They claim that I am Al
Mahdi, surely I am closer to my end to that which they are calling
a man sleeps as a believer and wakes as an unbeliever
Al Hakam, the son of Utaybah said: "I said to Muhammad, the son
of Ali, we heard that a man will come from you who will be the judge
of this nation." He replied: "We wish what the people wish and hope
if there does not remain from the world but a day that Allah will
prolong that day until the wishes of the nation have come to pass,
but before this is a trial which is the worst of trials. Man will
sleep as a believer but wake as an unbeliever and wake as a believer
but go to sleep as an unbeliever."
Jafar, the son of Yasar said: "Al Mahdi will return the wrongly
possessed goods in a way that he will extract even the slightest
thing that is under a molar to return it."
Khalid, the son of
Samir said: "Musa, the son of Talha, son of Ubaydillah escaped from
Al Mukhtar to the City of Basra when people believed him to be Al
From this statement
and the foregoing reported by Muhammad, son of Ali, we understand
that the matter of Al Mahdi was a well known topic and discussed
during the first generation.
the son of Ajlan
Malik, the son of Anas said: "When Abdullah, the son of Hasan left
Medina, Muhammad, the son of Ajlan accompanied him. After Abdullah
had been killed and Jafar, the son of Sulayman took over Medina
he sent for Muhammad, the son of Ajlan. When he was brought before
him he (Jafar) mocked him and spoke harshly saying: 'You went with
that liar!' But Muhammad, the son of Ajlan did not utter a word
except by the inaudible movement of his lips, so they assumed he
was supplicating. The jurists and honorable people attending Jafar,
the son of Sulayman stood saying: 'May Allah reform the prince,
Muhammad, the son of Ajlan, the jurist of Medina and His worshiper.
It seems he was confused and thought himself to be the Mahdi referred
to in the narrations and they kept questioning him until he left
them. But Muhammad, the son of Ajlan left without uttering a word."
There are other statements
transmitted via another group of companions and their followers
together with their followers, and their followers concerning Al
Mahdi, but we decided not to mention them in this book as that which
has been mentioned suffices.